attribution in psychology

The Use of Attribution in Psychology

Posted on
attribution in psychology

While learning about psychology, you will also learn about attribution. Attribution in psychology still learning about people behavior and attitude. In specific, this topic is related to the motif of why a person behaves in a specific attitude. Let’s take a look at the detail below

The Definition of Attribution in Psychology

The simple explanation about attribution in psychology is the reason why you do something. It is related to the motif of doing or behave something. Psychologist learns the reason deeper. For example, anger is not only because someone had something bad in his or her life but also it might be that he or she has a bad temper. Attribution will define it well to give the best solution to the people who need it.

Types of Attribution in Psychology

There are two types of attributions in psychology. Those are disposition attribution and situational attribution. Dispositional attribution is looking for the cause of behavior from the internal or the character of the person. A psychologist analyzes the character of his or her client deeper instead of looking for the external causes to get the answer. This type of attribution is related to someone’s personality, motives, and beliefs. Situational attribution in psychology is the opposite of disposition attribution. In this attribution, a psychologist will find out the cause of the behavior from the external or outside around the person. The psychologist doesn’t go deeper to the characters of his or her client. A specific behavior might be caused by the situation or environment instead of someone’s character.

The Aspects of Attribution in Psychology 

Some aspects have a strong relationship with attribution. For example, in making a choice you might be interfered by dispositional attribution, especially if you can choose without any pressure from your surrounding. There is also a hedonistic relevance aspect in attribution. Let say, this aspect appears when someone’s behavior gives benefits or harm you. In contrast, there is also a personalism aspect in attribution if someone’s behavior gives an impact on you. It is known as a personal attribution.

Three Important Things Related to Attribution

Attribution in psychology is also related to three important things which are consensus, distinctiveness, and consistency. It is related to the consensus if people and you react to something. If people react to something the consensus is high whereas if it is only you who react on something the consensus is low. It is also the same case with distinctiveness. Let say, if you react only on a specific topic, the distinctiveness is high whereas if you react in all topics, the distinctiveness is low. If you always react on the same topic, the consistency level is high whereas if you are not it means the consistency is low.   

In conclusion, learning about attribution in psychology is learning about correlation. It is also related to the way people create a judgment to someone or something. Before judging to someone or something, you have to know first whether he or she does something consistently or not. Moreover, whether the event happens all the time or not. After that, we can conclude something from it.