Social Psychology Theories

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Social Psychology TheoriesJust like any other branches of psychology, Social Psychology Theories to represent or explain how we interact with other people. Also these theories may be our basis of how a person reacts within social interaction, or may be how a person is affected by the social environment itself.
Some of these are:
Self-presentation theory– one explanation of why our actions might only seem to affect our attitudes.
Dissonance theory– assumption that we justify our behavior to reduce our internal discomfort.
Self-perception theory– assumption that we observe our behavior and make reasonable inferences about our attitude, much as we observe other people and infer their attitudes.
Social learning or motivational learning– implies that we tend to imitate what we see in others, that we acquire learning through observing and imitating, opposed to what other theories which suggests using reinforcements to acquire desired behavior.
Drive theory– suggests that we tend to act in dominant or typical response when in a situation when there is presence of audience. Like suggesting that we tend to do things particularly when there are some who can see it, them being our drive.
Social identity theory– we tend to group ourselves into our perceptions, beliefs, behaviors, attitudes, and how this affects our judgment, attitude and behavior. It’s how we come to a group because we belong and how that group affects us, for example, animal lovers may tend to be with an organization that supports animal rights and eventually they will be vegetarian even if at first they were not.
Self-affirmation theory– suggests that people, after engaging in an undesirable behavior often experiences a self-image threat, also they can compensate by affirming another aspect of the self. Threaten people’s self-concept in one domain, and they will compensate either by refocusing or by doing good deeds in some other domain.
Schemata theory- emphasizes that people have these “schemas”, cognitive codification of experience that includes a particular organized way of perceiving and responding to a complex situation or set of stimuli. This may imply that we tend to act or take action even in different situations in a patterned behavior or attitude.
Attribution theory- how we explain our current situation, either extrinsic or the things outside our control or intrinsic or the things that is within us and is in our control. For example, we may attribute a death of a significant person due to his health condition (external or extrinsic attribution) or you may think that you have not given him/her enough time or blame it tour self thinking it is your negligence (intrinsic or internal attribution).
Self-verification theory– we desire to be acknowledged and approved by others, this theory suggests that some view that others see them as how they are viewing themselves. This may explain the perception of others that the people around them tend to see the value of how they dress for example, or if we happen to appreciate abstract painting, we somehow seek for acceptance and belongingness that we feel they also would like abstract paintings too.
Whatever theory or theories that may seem to explain how we are mold and about to response in our society, even in situations that involve socializing, this only proves that indeed, social factors are important in our daily lives and can affect us greatly depending on how we handle things.